General Jozef Haller
1873 - Born in Poland
1918 - Commander
of the Polish Auxiliary Corps with the Austrian Army
1918 - April,
Commander-in-Chief of II Army Corps
1918 - May
27, Commander-in-Chief of Polish Military Forces out of
1920 - July 23, Commander-in-Chief of the Northern Front
1920/27 - Member
of Parliament (Sejm)
1937 - He created the Labor Party
Minister of Education in the
government of W. Sikorski
- He died
Jozef Haller was born on August
13, 1873 in Jurczyce near Krakow. Young Haller studied in Vienna at the Technical Military
Academy, subsequently serving with the Austrian Army. In 1916, during the
First World War, he became the commander of the Second Brigade of the
Polish Legion. Than in 1918 in the aftermath of the "Charge
of Rarancza," as commander of the
Polish Auxiliary Corps with the Austrian Army, he crossed over to the
Russian side. Subsequently, he arrived in France, where on behalf of the
Polish National Committee, and on the side of France, he created what was
known as "Haller's Army", or "The Blue Army",
because the soldiers wore blue uniforms. In France, General Jozef
Haller had commanded six divisions of the Polish Army during the 1914 -18 War,
and other units had been attached to the French Foreign Legion. At the outbreak
of war about 25,000 Polish-Americans had volunteered to fight in the trenches.
Then the Haller's Army was transferred to Poland in 1919 and as commander, he
arrived in the homeland on the Ukrainian front. During 1940-1943 he was
the Minister of Education in the government of Wladyslaw Sikorski.
On the picture Jozef Haller surrounded by real photos of numerous Blue Army soldiers in uniform many wearing
Pin Issued by Ecclesiastical Goods Co. Chicago during Jozef Haller's visit to
the United States in 1923.
took part in Battles: Rafajlowa,
Zielona, Pasieczna, Pniow, Nadwoma, Hwozd, Mielnike, Fitkow, Moltkow,
Pasieczna, Zielona, Rafajlowa, Zielona, Maksymiec, Rafajlowa, Maksymies,
Zielona, Pasieczna, Pniow, Maniawa, Kxyszka, Markowa, Solotwina, Zuraki,
Bohorodczany, Niebytow, Kolomyja, Stobychwa, Zarzecze, Wielieko, Janowka,
Silowicze, Rudka Myczynska, Barancza, Kaniow, Brzesc, Janow, Sokolow, Mink
Masowiecki, Radzymin, Nasielsk, Mlawa, Przasnysz, Waraszaw.
Above: Banner which was presented to General Haller by Pope Benedict the 15th. The White Eagle
"Bogu Rodzica" / Mother of God are pictured.
The story of general Jozef Haller and the Polish army in France has long gone untold.