cutout. Wycinanki (pronounced Vee-chee-non-key) / Polish folk art paper cutouts are known through out the world as a beautiful craft. They have a distinctive
look, and are made by hand in rural Poland. |
layers of colored paper are folded, cut, and sometimes embossed to create
stylized patterns. The complexity of the designs is created by repeating
symmetrical patterns and folk motifs inspired by nature and geometric shapes.
Folk Paper Cutouts come in different sizes.
Wycinanki became a popular folk craft in
the mid-1800's and were used by Polish peasants to decorate the walls of ceiling beams in countryside cottages and
they were given as gifts to family members and friends. A form of decoupage, the
intricate designs were cut with the scissors and affixed to whitewashed walls
and wooden beams to achieve a cheerful appearance.
Today in Poland there are some people who
still make wycinanki, but they are used as a gifts only. The colorful cutouts of flowers, circles, roosters and stars with a symmetrical arrangement reflect a particularly high level of folk art artistry. While the Swiss cutouts are one color only, the Polish "wycinanki" are in a vast variety of colors and shapes of peacocks, roosters and other birds, as well as a variety of rural scenes.
Sometimes they are used for occasions such as Christmas.
They also look great when framed. They remain a treasured form of Polish folk
They are very colorful and come from the different region of Poland! Wycinanki
of a particular region can be easily identified by looking at the design:
Those represent and
come from the region of Lowicz
Wycinanki are similar to the Swiss and German Scherenschnitte paper cutting, are regarded by many as the most beautiful in the world.
The art of decorative paper cutting is found in China, other countries of the
East, and Latin America, as well as in Poland.
forms of wycinanki
Below is interesting example of the Polish paper cutout art of Wycinanki
mounted on cardstock. This incredibly delicate art form is similar to the Swiss
and German "Scherenschnitte".
Polish cutouts (wycinanki) from the wedding / year ~ 1950
Other forms of popular folk craft popular in Poland:
Kurpiowskie - Leluja
Myszyniecka - Drzewo Kurpiowskie